Samoa

 

APPROVAL DATE

October 2007 (Phase I), April 2008 (Phase II)

POWPA ACTIVITIES

1.1.5, 2.1.2, 3.1.6, 3.2.1

CONTACT PERSON(S)

Mr. Toni Tipama'a [toni.tipamaa@mnre.gov.ws]

DOWNLOAD PROJECT DOCUMENT(S)

Phase I, Phase II

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 


 
     
PHASE I (Round 1)  
         
OUTCOME 1: Ecological gap assessment  
Specific actions Description Progress snapshot Steps taken this quarter (if any)  
Activity 1.1 Gather field data on flora and fauna and update available desk records 3 = significant progress, nearly complete The final freshwater biodiversity report has been completed .The second phase of this project is now in development stage.

Louise Shilton from Australia will be in Samoa from 6 April to 16 April to carry out flying fox surveys. The fruit bat expert will be looking at the various roosts in Upolu and planning the work. The project site will be included in the visitation and more surveys will be conduct come September 2009. Louise will be in Samoa from September 3rd to 19th to carry out the bat surveys, for both Upolu and Savaii. 

Eric Edwards from the Department of Conservation in New Zealand will be in Samoa from 13 April to 23 April 2009 to carry out second phase of Butterfly surveys – the first phase report is available This will be posted on the www.blog website.

This work is on hold as Art Whistler is currently applying for the Critical Ecosystems Partnership Fund to carry out this work. This work will focus on the endemic plants of Samoa and that it will highlight the flora of Samoa from another level for management. The matching funds will be USD $19,000 and this will be provide the guidelines for tree and plants identification of endemic flora of Samoa.
 
Activity 1.2 Develop report on abundance, density, distribution of key biodiversity elements 3 = significant progress, nearly complete The second Gap Analysis presentation was held for MNRE staff and relevant partners on 6th May 2009 at the 5th level conference room at DBS (Please see attached document for meeting mintues)
Natasha and Elizabeth of DEC have been working with James Atherton to compile information for the KBA booklet. First draft of the booklet should be completed by the end of July. It is hoped that the booklet will be published by end of October. And it will also be translated into Samoan. 7 new KBAs have been identified to date given Samoa a total of 11 KBAs (Please refer to attached document for outline of booklet)
 
Activity 1.3 Develop map of key elements of biodiversity 4 = activity completed Maps have developed and continuos training of the MNRE/DEC/Forestry Staff on the GIS mapping techniques. Records have now been digitized into the format for the KBA booklet as have been a major activity for the Gap Analysis process.  
Activity 1.4a Develop map of protected area system 3 = significant progress, nearly complete Maps are produce for the 2010 targets as mentioned in the NBSAP document (i) approved indicators such as protected land areas has been identified for the maps (ii) maps will clearly show the 11% target land area for terrestrial protected area and approximately 7% for marine.  
Activity 1.4b Identify potential PAs to meet the 30% system coverage established by government 3 = significant progress, nearly complete maps have developed and continuos training of the MNRE/DEC/Forestry Staff on the GIS mapping techniques. Records have now been digitized into the format for the KBA booklet as have been a major activity for the Gap Analysis process.  
Activity 1.5 Hold 3 workshops to present and review findings 1 = just started, limited progress 1.5 and 1.6 Follow-up workshops are planned for June and September so that all the other information are collated for the KBA Booklet. The delays for these activities are due to unavailability of consultants and experts on the relevant fields.  
Activity 1.6 Adopt the Biodiversity Gap Assessment report by government 3 = significant progress, nearly complete Folow up programmes are underway with the relevant stakeholders and line ministries to adoption of the GAP Analysis  
Activity 1.7 Publish results and share across Pacific region 3 = significant progress, nearly complete work on progress  
     
Obstacles faced in implementing Activity 1: Although plentiful literature and guidelines on protected area planning exist, there are very few examples available on PA system plans that have been written and implemented in other countries throughout the world. With no examples and this being the first such plan for Samoa it may prove difficult to ensure the appropriate issues are addressed. It was also a challenge (and a signficant obstacle in a country experiencing conflict in many parts), to bring together a representative set of Government and local community members and ask them to focus on the benefits of protected areas, particularly since many are likely to be affected directly by such areas in the future.  
Lessons learned in implementing Activity 1: To conduct a public consultation with the sole purpose of introducing the idea of protected areas and conservation, it worked most effectively by encouraging the maximum involvement of Government staff. After the initial Project inception workshop, it was decided that the local community participants to the steering committee, should conduct a mini-workshop with their respective local people from their province. In this way, the community members are fully-engaged and interested in working alongside the Government to manage the future protected areas, and the knowledge and capacity of Government is continually enhanced so that this process can be repeated.  
         
OUTCOME 2: Establish an evironmental training center and curricula  
Specific actions Description Progress snapshot Steps taken this quarter (if any)  
Activity 2.1 Develop annual/biannual training curriculum for target audiences 3 = significant progress, nearly complete The Conference room/library is now meeting the public and especially studens for research and conducting studies of the Protected Areas systems.
Further actions such as the installation of mangrove booklet software go the systems for more information collection and awareness. A monthly newsletter is published for the MNRE through the POWPA project library is underway.
A 1.79 acres has been identified at Vaitoloa, the old rubbish dump to be cleared of rubbished and refilled to establish a playing field for the surrounding villages. However, this work is currently on hold till the final report from SROS (Scientific Research Organization of Samoa)has been received, so that we can incorporate their recommendations into our activities. The final report from SROS has been received please see attached documents. 

Equipment has been purchased to carry out mud crab farming at Vaiusu Bay but is now on hold till the final report from SROS has been received, so that we can incorporate their recommendations into our activities. From the June 22nd to June 23rd the second educational tour of Vailima Botanical Garden and Vaiusu Bay was conducted. 5 high schools participated in the programme:
Avele College – 30 students & 1 teacher
Maluafou College – 30 students & 1 teacher
Leifiifi College – 31 students & 2 teachers
Faleata College – 27 students & 3 teachers
St Mary’s College – 23 students & 1 teacher

4000 mangroves were planted by the students at Vaitoloa (Vaiusu Bay) – 0.2ha.

Please see attached documents for:
1.Concept paper of Educational Tour
2.Feed back sheet results
3. Press Release 
4. News Paper Article
 
Activity 2.2 Hold 2-week infrastructure workshop for students on plant id, ecology, surveys 3 = significant progress, nearly complete continuos participation of schools and local people, (researchers included) in the programmes  
Activity 2.3 Hold education workshops for range of audiences 3 = significant progress, nearly complete Education workshops are underway with the local communities on the MPAs at the east of Upolu focussing on the ecological restoration of the offshore isalnds known to host half of samoas endemic biodivesrity. This effort and essence is reflecting the POWPA concept and and expanding the protection and conservation of protected areas.  
Activity 2.4 Find partner (eg METI/GTS) to sustain trainings 3 = significant progress, nearly complete A follow up meeting with SPPDB on the agreement for farming and other environmental sustainable projects. There are 8 more community based projects that have been approved from the 7 villages to take on board agro-forestry related work schemes. Project funds will be disbursed to exercise the implementation of this component. 7 Village management plans for sustainable farming management practices are underway through the SPBP collaboration and $10, 000 USD will assist funding this work.,  
     
Obstacles faced in implementing Activity 2:    
Lessons learned in implementing Activity 2:    
         
PHASE 2 (Round 2)  
OUTCOME 1: Encouraging biodiversity-friendly activities in and around PAs  
Specific actions Description Progress snapshot Steps taken this quarter (if any)  
Activity 1.1 Sensitizing Councils of Chiefs and village leaders 2 = activity fully underway At the project outset, the project’s local management group will be formed, including MNRE, MWCSD, CI and SPBD. It will meet to agree on which PAs/villages to choose for demonstration.  
Activity 1.1a Form local management group and meet to agree on demonstration sites 4 = activity completed Project in progress and steering committee set up complete  
Activity 1.1b Consult with local leaders in each of demo sites 4 = activity completed local community leaders informed of project progress  
Activity 1.2 Research menu of sustainable livelihood enterprises 3 = significant progress, nearly complete In each of the identified villages consultations will be held with local leaders to discuss:
 The process of preparing a combined village land and protected area management plan. Consultations on this point will help clarify: (a) how best to organize the plan preparation exercise? (b) How to deal with issues of land purchase (if necessary), relocation of displaced villagers (if necessary).
 What governance type the future PA will have. Possibilities for adopting a co-management model.
 What such a plan may constitute: discussing the future content of the village land use/protected area management plan, including application of possible biodiversity/livelihood incentives. 
 Clarifying the SPBD micro-finance terms and application process, monitoring protocols to measure the success of the incentives once it is implemented by local villagers. [SPBD will monitor the success based on increased income p.a. per recipient; CI will have indicators for biodiversity impacts]. 
 Discuss other issues that might be pertinent, such as who will finance and implement habitat restoration activities (to be funded by Government of Samoa) and dumpsite clearance (as required) (to be funded by Government of Samoa)
 
Activity 1.3a Develop 3 management plans 3 = significant progress, nearly complete After consultations with leaders are closed and marketing research has produced data, carry out the initial all-village workshop in each of the identified sites. The workshops will be co-facilitated by CI and include as presenters Government, SPBD, and local leaders. The purpose of the workshops will be to initiate the process of preparing the combined protected area and village land management plan. The workshop’s agenda will be constructed so as to discuss and reach agreement on:
 the expected governance type of the protected area,
 the land purchase question (if pertinent and achieved by GOS)
 the resident relocation question (if pertinent and managed by GOS)
 the expected content of the management plan, i.e. concrete activities that will be allowed at which parts of the land, and which activities will be ruled out for the sake of biodiversity
 Confirming people’s interest in any of the biodiversity / livelihood micro-enterprises.
 
Activity 1.3b Conduct all-village workshop in each site to agree on governance, location, etc. 4 = activity completed    
Activity 1.3c Develop village and PA plans for each site 3 = significant progress, nearly complete Having the results of the initial path-finder workshops in each village, CI and its partners, in continued consultations with local leaders will work together to develop first drafts of combined village and PA plans. These will also provide in more detail the uptake of the biodiversity / livelihoods incentives in each village.  
Activity 1.3d Hold second workshop in each village to present plan and seek agreement 3 = significant progress, nearly complete Second workshops will be held in each village to present the draft management and village plans, and to seek agreement from villagers.  
Activity 1.4a Launch micro-finance fund to support implementation of management plans 3 = significant progress, nearly complete 1.4.1 After agreement for the plans is received from villages, the project management group will launch the disbursement of the funds to support the economic incentives in each village. A protocol will be defined and used by the Incentive Partnerships Group for applying for incentives, and supervision of their implementation. The supervision of implementation will have to be such as to enable reporting of the results to both Government of Samoa, as well as to the Country Action Grants programme. The SPBD micro-finance mechanism will be used to “channel” the funds to support the incentives.  
Activity 1.4b Provide basic capacity for an information center for villagers and students 3 = significant progress, nearly complete database inputting in information center.  
Activity 1.5a Provide training in biodiversity micro-enterprises 3 = significant progress, nearly complete urther training are set up fo the next quarter in November for biodiversity microenterprise.  
Activity 1.5b Provide marketing support to beneficiaries 3 = significant progress, nearly complete Synergising experience to other projects  
Activity 1.6a Compile lessons learned and distribute 3 = significant progress, nearly complete Project in progress and steering committee set up lesson learnt dialogue  
Activity 1.6b Organize 3 workshops in new areas of Samoa to present experience 3 = significant progress, nearly complete The management group, together with local leaders who participated in the project, will organize and facilitate a series of 3 further workshops in new areas of Samoa to present the experience and trigger replication of similar models.  
     
Obstacles faced in implementing Activity 1:    
Lessons learned in implementing Activity 1: